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Zoroaster - Persian Myths
Zoroaster is the Greek name of the Persian prophet
Zarathustra, referred to as Zartosht in the ancient Sassanian Literature. Modern
history accepts Zoroaster as a real man, but the Persian mythology (Shahnameh)
took from the Zoroastrianism many mythical characters that make some historians
believe that Zoroaster was one of them.
Zoroaster's birthplace is as unclear as his birth
date, situated between 1700 and 1000 BC depending on many different sources
available. He was mostly known as a preacher of Persia, in the Great Iran, the
borderland region of the Black Sea, close to Turkey and Greece, although it is
also believed that he was a traveling prophet going from Persia to China.
Some sources cite Zoroaster as a Hindi priest. In
fact, the Zoroastrianism, religion founded by Zoroaster, is today still the
predominant religion of the Parsi community in India. Zoroaster, however,
defined his teachings as philosophy, not as religion, although his basic beliefs
The Zoroastrianism as we know it today was recorded
in history until the mid-5h century BC the time in which this religious practice
was greatly influenced by the Mazdaism, which articles of faith were created by
Furthermore, the evidence of annual festivals to
celebrate nature lead by Zoroaster associated him with pagan rites like the
Roman Lupercalia, celebrated to scare away evil spirits, purifying the cities
and releasing fertility, health, and wealth.
As Iranian or Persian prophet, his name is usually
found in Ancient Greek folklore, in which it is believed that his transcendental
prophecies were cast at the Oracle of Delphi on the slopes of Mount Parnassos.
This believe is taken conclusion criteria based on the common timeframe of both
the Oracle and Zoroaster's existence, as there is also text that situates
Zoroaster 258 years before Alexander the Great invaded Persia.
Zoroaster lived sometime before Christ, hence he is also known as the founder of
a pagan religion practiced by the Magi. The Magi were the ancient master
magicians of the Persian Empire responsible for all funerary and religious
practices, whose most widely known representatives are the Three Wise Men from
the East referred in the Bible as Melchior, Gaspar, and Balthasar.
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