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THE ANCIENT MYTH OF
HOTU MATU'A

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Hotu Matu'a - Rapa Nui Mythology

Rap Nui mythology, also known as Pascuense mythology, describes the myths of Easter Island, a Chilean island in the south Pacific known as both Isla de Pascua or Rapa Nui, it’s Spanish and Polynesian names respectively.

During the 4th century, Hau-Maka, a Rapa Nui visionary had a dream, similar to a modern astral travel, in which he arrived to a far island in the quest to find new land for the Ariki (King) Hotu Matu'a.

Hotu Matu'a was the first ariki of Rapa Nui who ruled over a country which name was Maori, but he was native to Mara'e Renga.in Hiva. A spirit took Hau-Maka to the land of "Mata ki te Rangi" which means (Eyes that look to the Sky), although some literature cite the place as "Te Pito 'o te Käinga" (the Center of the Earth).

Regardless of the name, researchers have found both references pointed to Easter Island, the new land for Hau-Maka's king. Hotu Matu'a heard about this prophetic dream and sent a group of sailors to explore the surroundings of Hiva and Ira.

The sailors found the land and returned to inform Hotu Matu'a about their discovery. The king took his wife Vakai a Hava into a canoe and together with his sister Ava Rea Tua and her husband traveled to "Mata ki te Rangi".

In fact, when Hotu Matu'a and Ava Rea Tua arrived to "Mata ki te Rangi", the place where the Moai statues stare at the sky, incidentally associated to Hau-Maka's premonition dream, although the origin of these statues is unknown.

However, the legend assures us that Ava Rea Tua was the first carver of wooden statues later found on Easter Island, known as Moai Kavakava. These small sculptures depict grotesque vertebraes that represents the spirits of Aku Aku (dead ancestors) who were led to Easter Island by two spirits through another prophetic dream.


Hotu Matu'a mythology.

 The myth of Hotu Matu'a.

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