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Who was Edward Collier?
Edward Collier was one of the most renowned English
buccaneers in the service of Sir Henry Morgan, listed as British privateer
active from 1668 to 1672. Collier commanded one of the ships that participated
on the Portobello raid in 1668 hunting down pirates.
During such raid Collier captured the French pirate Captain la Veven and his
ship, the Satisfaction. For the following 18 months, Collier sailed the Mexican
shores serving Morgan in most of his expeditions against Spain, including the
raid on Panama in 1670.
After Panama's raid, Captain Collier was named
vice-admiral of Sir Henry Morgan's expeditions, including the raid of Gibraltar
and Maracaibo. As a pirate, Spanish and English witnesses said Captain Collier
exceeded Morgan's cruelty torturing prisoners, who also rejoiced torturing other
buccaneers captured during his raids.
He was responsible for capturing the fort and
garrison at Rio de la Hacha and then ferociously torturing his prisoners to
enjoy their agony in the quest to obtain a treasure valued at $200,000 pesos.
Collier had no mercy and it is known that he killed a Franciscan friar.
For some time Collier extorted corn, meat, and
other provisions from the populace before rejoining Sir Henry Morgan's fleet.
Eventually, Edward Collier became a wealthy farmer establishing his home in
Jamaica, where he lived until his death, but he would always remain closely
associated to Sir Henry Morgan throughout his life one way or another.
Jamaica's governor gave him a 1,000-acre plantation
that incidentally was next to one of Sir Henry Morgan's estates, but curiously
he was not arrested with him during the episode in which they arrived to Port
Royal following the raid of Panama.
After the new governor was appointed in Jamaica,
Captain Edward Collier began with the preparations to defend the island in the
knowledge of Spain's friction with local government and possible any invasion
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