The famous pirate of Types of Pirates.

TYPES OF PIRATES
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Types of pirates.



When one thinks of pirates, they generally think of those that sail the seas with their Jolly Rogers and peg legs, attacking other ships and stealing treasure. When it comes to actual pirates, these images are correct for the most part. However, there are others that sail the seas that are also grouped with pirates however, they are quite different. There are actually three types of pirates. These are actual pirates, buccaneers, and privateers.

Pirates
According to international law, piracy is defined as an act of robbery or other violent acts that take place either on the seas or in the sky that covers the seas. The law goes on to state that these crimes are committed by a captain or crew on a ship or aircraft that are not within any particular jurisdiction and are not carrying out the actions by any order of the government.

Piracy is seen as a crime against all of humanity, and not one particular state or country. For this reason, the crime of piracy can be punished in any state that the pirate is found or brought to, even though the crime might have been committed on a ship from a country other than the country carrying out the punishment. If the state that carries out the punishment punishes the pirate for an act that is not considered piracy in international law, the punishment will only be seen as valid within that state.

Buccaneers
Buccaneers were those that sailed the seas in the 17th century and were usually of English, Dutch, and French descent. Buccaneers were inspired by privateers such as Sir Francis Drake and Sir Richard Hawkins, who had obtained many riches while privateering in North America and the Caribbean Sea. Trying to take after these men, some pirates began calling themselves freebooters or buccaneers and started attacking Spanish colonies. This was mostly during the last half of the 17th century.

The most famous buccaneer was Sir Henry Morgan. Buccaneers were different from privateers in that they were not commissioned by the government to carry out their actions. They were also different from pirates in that they did not attack ships of any nationality and the act of piracy was also banned in the 18th century.

The term “buccaneer” comes from the French term “boucan.” The term was taken from the act of buccaneers stealing Spanish cattle and after drying the meat out with heat, they would sell it to ships and it would become these ships main source of food. The buccaneers captured Panama in 1671, under the leadership of Henry Morgan. During the 18th century, governments needed to hire the buccaneers as privateers to fight in the War of the Spanish Succession. This brought the end of the buccaneers.

Privateers
Privateers are vastly different from pirates and buccaneers. The main difference is that privateers were hired by the government to carry out their actions. The ships of the privateers were privately owned by countries and when a privateer was called to duty, these were called “letters of marque.”

The Declaration of Paris in 1856 brought the end of most privateering but not all countries agreed to the declaration. These countries included the United States, Spain, Mexico, and Venezuela. As payment for their work, privateers were entitled to share in whatever treasure they captured. Although privateering was in practice before official navies were set up, privateering was allowed during the War of 1812 and the American Revolution, when some navies had been comprised. The United States gave up privateering in 1898 during the Spanish-American War.


Types of Pirates.

 The famous pirate of Types of Pirates.

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