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Who was Henry Morgan?
Hari Morgan was a Welsh privateer known by his English
name of Henry Morgan. Born in 1635 it is believed that his birthplace was
somewhere in Germany, but kidnapped in the early days of his life in Bristol and
sold as a slave in the Caribbean Islands.
However, there is reference of his father, Robert
Morgan, a Welsh man married to a German woman whose name is ignored, living in
Glamorgan, Wales. As a junior officer he moved to Barbados in 1655 sent out by
Oliver Cromwell. Later he moved to Jamaica as privateer commissioned by Sir
Thomas Modyford to capture Spanish prisoners in Cuba and attack a vessel on the
A thousand of buccaneers sailed with Henry Morgan
to Campeche, Mexico to defend two forts defeating the Spanish troops, and taking
their ships as prizes, while Henry Morgan was rewarded with the title of Sir.
Sir Henry Morgan married his cousin Mary after the
Restoration of King Charles II of England, who named his uncle Lieutenant
Governor of Jamaica. After this episode, Sir Henry Morgan became the Captain
Morgan, King of all the Pirates in the Caribbean Sea appointed with this title
by pirates and buccaneers.
However, Captain Morgan was offended every time
that people referred to him as a pirate since he considered himself as a
privateer because his country licensed him to attack and plunder any enemy's
shipping, thus his ultimate goal never was robbery.
The Welsh buccaneer was always proud of his
activity sticking to law and order, but after a problem with an expedition to
Panama, the governor of Jamaica was arrested and some sources cite the arrest of
Captain Morgan along with him. The fact is that Henry Morgan spent three years
in London whether arrested or at his own expense meeting new people.
Later in life, Captain Morgan returned to Jamaica appointed as Governor, Judge
of the Admiralty Court and Justice of the Peace, Vice-Admiral, and Commandant of
the Port Royal Regiment, dying on August 25 of 1688, but being remembered until
today as a romantic pirate of the Caribbean Sea.
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