History of Photography ( Part 2)

(PART 2)


Just How Did Photography Get It's Start? 

Paper negatives had a drawback. The natural grain of the paper made the details of the picture somewhat unclear. To avoid this, people began experimenting with glass plates. Unfortunately, photographic chemicals would not stay on the glass. In 1847, Abel Niepce de Saint-Victor, the nephew of Joseph Niepce, tried something new. He coated the glass plate with albumen (the white of an egg). This sticky coating held the chemical fast.

In 1851, Frederick Scott Archer, an English chemist, introduced the wet collodion process. This process uses a syrupy, transparent liquid called collodion to hold the silver compounds on glass. The response of collodion plates to light was much faster than in other processes. But the photographer still had to coat the glass plate and load it into the camera. Then the plate had to be exposed, and the image developed, before the collodion dried. By the 1870s, gelatin-based dry emulsion began to replace the wet collodion plates.

In 1880s, two developments changed photography. First, flexible, roll-up film was introduced by George Eastman, founder of the Eastman Kodak Company, in Rochester, New York. A few years later, Eastman brought out a hand-held roll-film camera. This camera was easy to carry and use. Eastman’s company even processed the film, so amateur photographers no longer had to do their own developing. This marked the beginning of photography’s popularity as a hobby.

Along with its increasing popularity, photography began to be recognized as an art. Some photographers of the early 1900s experimented with new printing techniques to make their photographs look more like paintings. Later photographers produced abstract compositions through darkroom techniques and multiple exposures. Other continued to use the shapes and textures of the natural world to create beautiful photographs.

In the 1920’s and 1930s, more technical advances affected amateur and professional photographers alike. in 1924, the Leica camera was introduced in Germany. This miniature 35mm camera came with a wide range of accessories and attachments. The Leica gave photographers new flexibility, allowing them to take sharp, detailed pictures under many conditions. It was the forerunner of the many 35mm cameras available today. The range of photography was further extended with the development of convenient flash equipment in the late 1920s and early 1930s.

Meanwhile, color photography had been developing since the early 1900s. in 1935, Kodachrome film was introduced. It became the first popular, affordable color film, and it is still widely used. “Instant” film, which develops within seconds,appeared in 1947. It was introduced by the American scientist and inventor Edward H. Land for use in his Polaroid Land Camera. The first instant film was black-and-white. Full-color instant film as we know it today came in the 1960s. 

Photography (part 1)

History of Photography ( Part 2)

History of Photography ( Part 2)

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