HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY
THE LONGEST LIST OF THE LONGEST
STUFF AT THE LONGEST DOMAIN NAME AT LONG LAST
Just How Did
Photography Get It's Start?
Paper negatives had a drawback.
The natural grain of the paper made the details of the picture somewhat unclear.
To avoid this, people began experimenting with glass plates. Unfortunately,
photographic chemicals would not stay on the glass. In 1847, Abel Niepce de
Saint-Victor, the nephew of Joseph Niepce, tried something new. He coated the
glass plate with albumen (the white of an egg). This sticky coating held the
In 1851, Frederick Scott Archer,
an English chemist, introduced the wet collodion process. This process uses a
syrupy, transparent liquid called collodion to hold the silver compounds on
glass. The response of collodion plates to light was much faster than in other
processes. But the photographer still had to coat the glass plate and load it
into the camera. Then the plate had to be exposed, and the image developed,
before the collodion dried. By the 1870s, gelatin-based dry emulsion began to
replace the wet collodion plates.
In 1880s, two developments changed
photography. First, flexible, roll-up film was introduced by George Eastman,
founder of the Eastman Kodak Company, in Rochester, New York. A few years later,
Eastman brought out a hand-held roll-film camera. This camera was easy to carry
and use. Eastman’s company even processed the film, so amateur photographers no
longer had to do their own developing. This marked the beginning of
photography’s popularity as a hobby.
Along with its increasing
popularity, photography began to be recognized as an art. Some photographers of
the early 1900s experimented with new printing techniques to make their
photographs look more like paintings. Later photographers produced abstract
compositions through darkroom techniques and multiple exposures. Other continued
to use the shapes and textures of the natural world to create beautiful
In the 1920’s and 1930s, more
technical advances affected amateur and professional photographers alike. in
1924, the Leica camera was introduced in Germany. This miniature 35mm camera
came with a wide range of accessories and attachments. The Leica gave
photographers new flexibility, allowing them to take sharp, detailed pictures
under many conditions. It was the forerunner of the many 35mm cameras available
today. The range of photography was further extended with the development of
convenient flash equipment in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
Meanwhile, color photography had
been developing since the early 1900s. in 1935, Kodachrome film was introduced.
It became the first popular, affordable color film, and it is still widely used.
“Instant” film, which develops within seconds,appeared in 1947. It was
introduced by the American scientist and inventor Edward H. Land for use in his
Polaroid Land Camera. The first instant film was black-and-white. Full-color
instant film as we know it today came in the 1960s.
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